UPMBiomedicals

Recommended Procedure For Binding Biotinylated Proteins to GrowDex®-A

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Jenni Leppiniemi1, Zeeshan Mutahir1, Vesa Hytönen1 and Lauri Paasonen2

1BioMediTech, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Finland

2UPM-Kymmene, Finland

 

GrowDex®-A is an avidin-conjugated nanofibrillar cellulose hydrogel for 3D cell culture. Avidin protein is capable to bind to biotin with high affinity and specificity. Thus, GrowDex-A can be conjugated with different biotinylated molecules e.g. proteins and peptides for specific 3D cell culture applications (Fig. 1). The product is supplied sterile and ready to use.

Nanosellu_kuva.jpg

Figure 1. Schematic illustration of binding biotinylated molecules to avidin-conjugated nanofibrillar cellulose matrix.

PROTOCOL FOR BINDING BIOTINYLATED COMPOUNDS TO GROWDEX-A

1. Calculate the volume of stock GrowDex-A required for your experiment. NOTE: The total volume of other components (biotinylated compound, cell culture media, cell suspension) is calculated as:  Final volume (ml) – volume of stock GrowDex-A (ml).

Volume of stock GrowDex-A (ml) =  (Final volume (ml)  × working concentration of GrowDex-A (%))

                                                                           (Concentration of stock GrowDex-A (%))

2. Before opening the GrowDex-A syringe cap, move the plunger slightly back and forth to release it before dispensing.

3. Dispense GrowDex-A directly from the syringe provided or pipette the required amount into the test tube. Graduations on the syringe indicate the volume dispensed or alternatively GrowDex-A may be weighed.

4. Calculate the volume of biotinylated compound needed (ml). We recommend that the biotinylated compound is added in a volume of at least 50 µl per 1 ml of GrowDex-A hydrogel, to be able to mix the reaction efficiently. If the volume of biotinylated compound to be added is very small, for example PBS can be used for diluting it.

Volume of biotinylated compound (ml)  = (Final conc. of biotinylated compound (mg/ml)  x Final volume (ml))

                                                                                (Initial conc. of biotinylated compound (mg/ml))

5. Mix the biotinylated compound with Growdex-A carefully by pipetting up and down to disperse throughout the gel and incubate at room temperature for 1 h.

PROTOCOL FOR DILUTION AND CELL CULTURE

The Growdex-A-biotinylated compound mixture will be at a slightly lower concentration than the original 1% stock due to dilution with the biotinylated compound used in step 5. This should be taken into consideration when preparing the working stock.

NOTE: We recommend using culture media without biotin. If you have different media that contain biotin, we recommend selecting the media which contains the least amount of biotin.

A. Calculate the volume of cell culture media required:

Volume of culture media (ml)

= Final volume of the assay (ml)-Volume of stock GrowDex-A

-Volume of biotinylated compound (ml)-Volume of cell suspension (ml)

B. Add the culture media to the test tube with the GrowDex-A-biotinylated compound mixture and mix by first swirling the pipette tip along the wall of the tube and then by pipetting up and down for a minimum of 90 seconds, a wide bore pipette tip or one that has been cut can help with the initial mixing. Continue mixing until a homogeneous solution is achieved by visual inspection. Increase the speed of pipetting towards the end of mixing and make sure the hydrogel flows smoothly through the pipette tip.

C. The cells can be either seeded on top or embedded in GrowDex-A-biotinylated compound mixture, see Fig. 2.

GrowDex-A_Illustration_RGB_191220.jpg

Figure 2. Binding, diluting, mixing, and plating of GrowDex-A-biotinylated compound mixture.

EXAMPLE FOR BINDING, DILUTION AND EMBEDDED CELL CULTURE WITH GROWDEX-A

-Stock GrowDex-A concentration 1.0%

-GrowDex-A working concentration 0.5%

-Final volume 1 ml

-Biotinylated compound stock concentration 1 mg/ml

-Required concentration of biotinylated compound 50 µg/ml

-Cell suspension volume 100 µl

NOTE: For example, for 96 well plates, we recommend using 100 µl of hydrogel per well. We recommend preparing some extra volume since some hydrogel might be lost when pipetting.

A. Calculate the needed stock amount of GrowDex-A:

Volume of stock GrowDex-A (1.0%) = 1 ml * 0.5% / 1.0% = 0.5 ml

The total volume of other components (biotinylated compound, PBS/cell culture media, cell suspension) is calculated as:  1.0 ml – 0.5 ml = 0.5 ml.

B. Calculate the amount of biotinylated compound needed (ml) as:

Amount of biotinylated compound (ml) = 0,05 mg/ml * 1 ml / 1 mg/ml = 0.05 ml

When the biotinylated compound stock concentration is 1 mg/ml, the volume of biotinylated compound needed is 0.05 ml = 50 µl.

C. When the volume of cell suspension needed for the experiment is taken into consideration, the volume of culture media to be added to the functionalized gel can be calculated by following equation:

Volume of culture media (ml) = 1.0 ml – 0.5 ml – 0.05 ml – 0.1 ml = 0.35 ml

D. Add 500 µl of stock GrowDex-A into a test tube.

E. Add 50 µl of biotinylated compound and mix by gently pipetting up and down until homogenous mixture is obtained. Incubate at room temperature for one hour.

F. Add 350 µl of cell culture media and mix until homogenous suspension is achieved.

G. Add 100 µl of cell suspension and mix gently.

H. Transfer 100 µl of sample per well on 96 well plate.

I. Add 100 µl of culture medium carefully on top not to disturb the GrowDex-A layer.

J. Incubate at 37°C.

DILUTION TABLE

Table 1. Volumes of stock GrowDex-A, biotinylated compound, culture media, and cell suspension required for the preparation of 1 ml of GrowDex-A-biotinylated compound mixture for a variety of final working concentrations.

FINAL
GROWDEX-A CONCENTRATION

TOTAL VOLUME

VOLUME OF GROWDEX-A STOCK SOLUTION (1.0%)

BIOTINYLATED COMPOUND VOLUME

CULTURE MEDIA

CELL SUSPENSION

0.7%

1 ml

700 µl

50 µl

150 µl

100 µl

0.6%

1 ml

600 µl

50 µl

250 µl

100 µl

0.5%

1 ml

500 µl

50 µl

350 µl

100 µl

0.4%

1 ml

400 µl

50 µl

450 µl

100 µl

0.3%

1 ml

300 µl

50 µl

550 µl

100 µl

0.2%

1 ml

200 µl

50 µl

650 µl

100 µl

0.1%

1 ml

100 µl

50 µl

750 µl

100 µl

 

ORDERING INFORMATION

CATALOGUE CODE

DESCRIPTION

QUANTITY (ml)

300 103 005

GrowDex-A

5.0

300 103 010

GrowDex-A

10.0

300 103 305

GrowDex-A multipack

3 x 5.0

 

You can order products online at: www.upmbiomedicals/store 

Or contact us at biomedicals.sales@upm.com for a quotation or to place an order.